A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LITERATURE REVIEW SECTION OF GRADUATE DISSERTATIONS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF BOTSWANA Olufemi Akindele, Communication Studies Department, University of Botswana Abstract The literature review is one genre that requires the writer to justify the need for their own research by critically evaluating previous research.. Researchers seem to be unanimous on the purpose of literature review which includes, among others, to: place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review describe the relationship of each work to the others under consideration identify new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in, previous research resolve conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort point the way forward for further research and place original work (in the case of theses or dissertations) in the context of existing literature (Bruce 1994, 1997 Cooper 1989, Galvan 1999, Hart 1998, Macauley 2001).. According to (Moodie 1994: internet), the student has little experience in writing academic English, as she, like any other international students, “was enrolled in relatively short courses, and there was little time available for her to become familiar with western academic genres and she felt under great pressure to perform at a high level of English almost immediately” (Moodie 1994, internet).. In examining the issue of voice in second language writing, some scholars claim that certain social practices of the L2 learner’s culture constitute an obstacle in their attempt to capture the individualized voice and authorial identity and presence required when writing in English (Cadman, 1994 Fox, 1999 Ramanathan Atkinson, 1999 Ramanathan Kaplan, 1996 ).. Sciences n=20 n=20 n=20 Summaries of each work 100 100 100 Evaluation Relationship of each work 52 60 64 Evaluation 10 Realization Gaps in previous study 35 40 52 Evaluation critical t
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