But how does this metaphorical thinking work Compiling the research work of other cognitive scientists, Lakoff/Johnson hope to explain the metaphorical mechanisms with the Integrated Theory of Primary Metaphor, which consists of four parts: Primary Metaphor and Complex Metaphor 2/8 · Johnson’s Theory of Conﬂation · Grady’s Theory of Primary Metaphor · Narayanan’s Neural Theory of Metaphor · Fauconnier and Turner’s Theory of Conceptual Blending Christopher Johnson’s Theory of Conﬂation states that connections between subjective emotions and sensorimotor experiences develop during early childhood.. Primary Metaphor and Complex Metaphor 4/8 these two Primary Metaphors and the Cultural Belief result in a Complex Metaphor (consisting of four sub-metaphors): · A Purposeful Life Is A Journey · A Person Living A Life Is A Traveler · Life Goals Are Destinations · A Life Plan Is An Itinerary This metaphorical mapping allows us to reason about life (which can be rather difﬁcult) in terms of traveling, making it easier to grasp: Just as a journey requires an itinerary, a purposeful life needs to be planned carefully there may be obstacles (difﬁculties) in the way (of life), which need to be avoided or removed one should always know where he/she stands (in life) etc.. It consists of the following metaphorical mappings: · Love Is A Journey · Lovers Are Travelers · Their Common Life Goals Are Destinations · A Relationship Is A Vehicle (this is a Complex Metaphor, which consists of the Primary Metaphors «A Relationship Is An Enclosure» and «Intimacy Is Closeness») · Difﬁculties Are Obstacles To Motion This Complex Metaphor can be found in expressions like «look how far we’ve come», «we can’t turn back now», «the relationship is not going anywhere» or «we may have to go our separate ways»..
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