Ten Frame

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What is a ten frame in math? What is the point of ten frame?

A Ten Frame is a fundamental tool for teaching Math, aiding children in developing number sense and early Numeracy skills. As children encounter numbers and their interactions from birth to five, their number sense gradually grows. Our Teaching Wiki offers numerous ways to utilize a Ten Frame, enhancing children's understanding of addition and subtraction, accompanied by valuable resources for extended learning.

Ten Frames are two-by-five rectangular frames serving as a base for objects like counters. By utilizing this tool, children can practice numbers from one to ten, fostering visual and physical comprehension for optimal memory cognition. Active learning, as explained in our Teaching Wiki, plays a crucial role in this beneficial process.

Discover what Ten Frames are and how they play a vital role in supporting children's Math and Numeracy learning. Dive into the realm of simple addition and subtraction using Ten Frames, and explore some fantastic resources that can be seamlessly incorporated into both classroom and home environments.

Download this FREE teacher covering 'Ten Frame' template here for free.

Why Are Ten Frames So Useful?
Ten Frames, being highly visual, excel in helping children develop a skill called subitizing—recognizing 'how many' of something instantly without counting. This skill extends to various scenarios, such as identifying the number rolled on a dice or the number of coins in your hand. Versatile and adaptable, Ten Frames contribute to a range of classroom activities, and the knowledge gained can be applied to counting larger numbers.

How to Make a Ten Frame?
Creating a simple Ten Frame involves forming a rectangle with ten equal spaces—five on top and five on the bottom. Draw one horizontal line and intersect it vertically with four others. Counters or small objects represent numbers less than or equal to ten.

Simple Ways to Use this blank Ten Frame template
Introduce toddlers to a blank Ten Frame, gradually adding counters while counting together. Crafty options include using colored tape to create a Ten Frame on a flat surface, allowing children to practice counting with toys or objects.

Make numeracy engaging! Explore our video demonstrating how to turn creating a Ten Frame into a nature craft activity using sticks and garden finds.

How Can I Use Ten Frames to Teach Early Numeracy?
In Foundation and Year 1 classrooms, Ten Frames prove invaluable for reinforcing counting skills and teaching basic addition and subtraction. Utilize printable Ten Frames for counting exercises, having students place counters and count from one to ten.

Ten Frames become a teacher's ally when introducing basic addition and subtraction, aiding in physical comprehension of these operations.

Addition Using Ten Frames
In addition, the use of Ten Frames helps children become familiar with 'seeing' numbers in relation to foundational numbers like five and ten. Visualizing numbers as broken into two parts enhances understanding, and colored counters can assist in recognizing separate number bonds.

Explore various addition sums using Ten Frames, such as 0 + 10, 1 + 9, 2 + 8, and more.

Or make a combination of the following sums to help children practice addition with ten frames:

0 + 10 = 10
1 + 9 = 10
2 + 8 = 10
3 + 7 = 10
4 + 6 = 10
5 + 5 = 10
4 + 6 = 10
3 + 7 = 10
2 + 8 = 10
1 + 9 = 10
10 + 0 = 10

Subtraction Using 10 Frames
For subtraction, Ten Frames provide a visual representation when removing numbers from ten. This visual aid is crucial in helping children grasp the concept of taking away.

Our extensive library offers frames, activities, puzzles, and games to make counting engaging. Explore some favorites like the Blank 10 Frame PPT worksheet or Ten Frame Counting PPT Worksheet.

Download our resources and take the first step toward a mathematically enriched educational experience! Delve into the world of Ten Frames and unlock the potential for interactive and enjoyable numeracy learning. 

Nothing on this site shall be considered legal advice and no attorney-client relationship is established.

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If you would like to know the value of money, try to borrow some. | Benjamin Franklin